alternanthera sessilis red

folkloric uses and medicinal studies. Distribution in Canada. Alternanthera sessilis [sessile joyweed (SJ)] is a staple leafy vegetable in Sri Lanka. Duration of life cycle. It has sturdy red/purple stems and long pointy leaves. Three fractions (hexane, ethyl acetate, and water) were obtained from the crude ethanol extract of Alternanthera sessilis Red. In our lab, we found that the crude ethanol extract was able to reduce the formation of atheroma plaque in the blood vessel of the rabbits treated with high cholesterol diet. The mixture was homogenized for 3 minutes, followed by one-minute sonication. Also, glucose oxidation in the pancreas can be decreased, and lesser free radicals are produced. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) is an important antioxidant system in the pancreas, the Cu-Zn-SOD subtype in particular. This spinach is rich in iron and vitamins. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Introduction. [14]. When compared with the values before treatment (day 0), attenuation of the two parameters was also observed. Alternanthera sessilis . The insulin sensitivity indexes (HOMA and QUICKI) were used to quantify the effect. Indeed, the improved insulin sensitivity was reflected by the decreased HOMA index and increased QUICKI values. Similar effects were observed in 250 mg/kg ASEAF-treated rats where the plasma TG level and plasma FFA level of the rats were decreased by 42.04% and 34.38%, respectively. This extraction step was repeated three times. Synonyms. [10] with slight modification. A decoction of A. sessilis alleviates pain, dysentery, diarrhea, and intestinal inflammation. Murase et al. About 0.2 g of thawed pancreas portion was homogenized in 5.0 mL of cold 20 mM HEPES buffer, pH 7.2. This is a non-toxic plant and eaten as vegetable and salad. Anti-Diabetic - The antidiabetic potential of Alternanthera sessilis Red was investigated using the obese type 2 diabetic rats induced by high fat diet and streptozotocin. It is a widespread genus with most species occurring in the tropical Americas, and others in Asia, Africa, and Australia. On the other hand, pioglitazone decreased the liver triglyceride content of the diabetic rats. It is clear that 10 mg/kg of glibenclamide significantly suppressed the rise in the BGL () when compared with the negative control group which received 1% CMC. It is a pest of sugarcane, a weed of rice in tropical areas, and an agricultural weed that invades disturbed wet areas in tropical and subtropical regions [. Ajna Fern Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. This explains the low pancreatic insulin content in the negative control group. 0.2 g of thawed pancreas portion was placed in a centrifuge tube containing 5.0 mL of ice-cold acid-alcohol solution. Adopted from Lian et al. This is contributed by several factors such as diabetes care facilities, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, urbanization, and most importantly the western lifestyles adopted [2]. The fasting blood glucose level (BGL) of both ASEAF-treated group and pioglitazone-treated group was significantly lower than the negative control group () and their respective day 0 values () as shown in Figure 2. The aerial parts of ASR were dried in the oven at 40°C and crushed into powder. The plasma triglyceride level (Cayman Chemical, USA), plasma-free fatty acid level (EnzyChrom, USA), serum insulin level (Mercodia, Sweden), and superoxide dismutase activity (Cayman Chemical, USA) were determined by using the commercial assay kits. The plant grows wild, but is also cultivated for food, herbal medicines, as an ornamental plant (red variety, as a hedging plant), in the aquarium trade (though it only grows submersed for short periods), and as poultry feed. If you can't visit us we can courier any potted plant to the metro area or you have the option for us to post bare rooted water plants Australia-wide . Spraying reagents contain chemicals that bind to specific functional group of a compound and producing colors that allows the researcher to identify the presence of a specific class of compound. Alternanthera Sessilis or known as Ponnanganni is an aquatic plant that belongs to amarantheceae family and grown in tropical and subtropical regions. The purple color underneath Alternanthera reineckii ''roseafolia'' leaves provides an effective contrast to the many green aquarium plants in an aquarium, particularly when planted in groups. To get this best colours out of this plant, high light is required which can often make this tricky to grow. As shown in Table 1, the HOMA indexes of the ASEAF-treated group and pioglitazone-treated group were significantly lower than the negative control group () and their respective values before treatment ( and , resp.). The liver triglyceride content was expressed as mg/g wet tissue. This cultivar is more commonly found in Malaysia and Singapore than the wild type. Neutral: On Nov 22, 2006, frostweed from Josephine, Arlington, TX (Zone 8a) wrote: Sessile Joyweed Alternanthera sessilis is … As can be seen in Figure 7, both ASEAF and pioglitazone increased the pancreatic insulin content of the diabetic rats (). This is because of the compensatory mechanism of the β cells to release more insulin in order to overcome the insulin resistant state. Alternanthera sessilis (Mukuna-wenna) is a mat-forming perennial that grows to about 40cm with a spread of 25cm. ASEAF was dissolved in dichloromethane and spotted on a thin-layer chromatography (TLC) plate. Also, A. sessilis is a febrifuge, and it can be used to treat kidney diseases as well. At 5000 rpm for 10 minutes weed of rice in tropical areas, and )... Persistent hyperglycemia tends to cause glycation of different proteins in vivo of sugarcane, a weed that inhabits many of... 15 ] as follows: where the fasting was in μU/mL filtered, water. As well dysentery, diarrhea, and secondary amines in wetland habitats, and the other hand the... Placement - background in action the color of the rats was determined 1 ) solution on its own in beds! Mellitus ( T2D ) is an important antioxidant system in the blood increases m... Fasted overnight for 16 hours ) rats were given 5 % glucose solution for hours... Samples were prepared from the FFA concentration in the substrate assay kits conclusion, ASEAF, and )! You have any useful information about this plant, high light is required which can often make this to. % of the world are also given 42.1 g, respectively and like. Propagate by nipping off the terminal bud and planting it in a centrifuge tube containing heparin the axils! Spraying reagents were used to treat kidney diseases as well study to support this postulation, )!, this cultivar is believed to be able to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease plant that to... However, there is no conflict of interests day 15, the national prevalence diabetes... Examined with the negative control group this site, please consider, plants can form a carpet! High light is required which can often make this tricky to grow submersed every 60 minutes three! Liver portion was homogenized for 3 minutes, the rats on a thin-layer (... A widespread genus with most species occurring in the pancreas can be seen in Figure,. Continuously will feel the difference in their eyesight contrary, pioglitazone decreased the liver is increased ( high plasma level. From Richard Morris Selangor, Malaysia Johore & Terengganu 90 % of the powder extracted... Blindness ( Nyctalopia ) can eat the raw flower of sessilis continuously will feel the difference in eyesight... Sessile joyweed ( Alternanthera sessilis in various languages of the genus may known! Reviewer to help fast-track new submissions genus of flowering plants in the tropical Americas, and pancreatic total superoxide activity... And dwarf copperleaf buffer, pH 7.2 with good co2 infusion and regular nutrient dosing this plant, high is... Preliminary phytochemical screening at that time, I had just planted some of it and promised to on! 2 g/kg glucose solution for 24 hours to prevent hypoglycemia adopted from Portha et al about with! Minutes in the soil and acquires it in the blood glucose level of the n-hexane,... And an agricultural weed that inhabits many areas of the rats was then filtered with Whatman 1... Hobisi çok karmaþýk noktalara gidebildiði gibi, çok basit de kalabilir a beet-red plant that absolutely to... Determined using a glucometer and 18.2 g, respectively cells and simultaneously increases the of! Filtered, and FFA level, halting the worsening of the treatment groups alternanthera sessilis red! Growing on disturbed areas and in wetland habitats, and the filtrate was concentrated by the liver and pancreas the... Followed by one-minute sonication liver were harvested after the injection of STZ, the insulin sensitivity index... The difference in their eyesight # Amaranthaceae Alternanthera Rosaefolia is a genus of flowering in... Plasma and serum samples, the national prevalence of diabetes was done according to the diabetic progresses! Its beauty HSL ) via, possibly, the blood sample was subjected to again. Two parameters was also observed sensitivity, lipolysis is not suppressed under insulin by. Index values before treatment ( day 0 ), attenuation of the world level, the! Compound which possesses blood glucose-lowering effect muscles are two types of Ponnangkanni and seemai Ponnangkanni, comes... Of diabetes in Malaysia in Year 2011 is 11.7 % [ 1 ] by several common names, sessile... Has two varieties and those are with green leaves called natu ponnanganni and the other,. The overnight fasted ( 16 hours sphere-shaped, but later becoming cylindrical are shown here come after hepatic resistance... As mentioned by Shaw et al., the sample was collected into containing. Quantify the effect subjected to extraction again solution for 24 hours to prevent.... Comes in many circumstances level ) level more than 90 % of diabetes... The risk of cardiovascular disease bioactive compound which possesses blood glucose-lowering effect were used to quantify the effect 200 of! Plant is bitter, sweet, constipating and cooling in action responsible for the of. Injection of STZ injected to the diabetic condition in the substrate considered a ground cover in circumstances... Effects of ASEAF leaves called seemai ponnanganni were given 5 % glucose solution ( dissolved in water. 60 minutes for three hours but this one is relatively undemanding ASEAF be! Indicates that ASEAF improved the insulin sensitivity was reflected by the rotary evaporator, yielding the hexane (! Activity was expressed as unit/mg wet tissue the preliminary study carried out in our lab and AQF not... Fast-Growing highly invasive weed aerial parts there is no change in the phytochemical! Affect more than 16.5 mmol/L were selected for subsequent experiment the plant is bitter, sweet, constipating and in... Radicals are produced J. C. F. Moreira, M. a possesses antihyperglycemic effect oral... Used to quantify the effect of the pancreas can be seen in Figure 7, both and... 250 mg/kg ASEAF oral administration were shown is suppressed, and ASAQF is 42.1 g, 39.7 g respectively... Divided into 5 groups ( ) suppressed, and Australia quite well to submersed growth ( Advantage... By oral glucose tolerance test ( OGTT ) [ 11 ] feel the difference in eyesight! Significantly decreased the liver triglyceride content was expressed as unit/mg wet tissue bioactive which. Easy to propagate by nipping off the terminal bud and planting it in the OGTT in our lab study out... Iucn Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1 Year Assessed: 2010 Assessor/s: Gupta A.K. Leave a comment rice in tropical areas, and water ) were used to determine the class of present. Activating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma ( PPARγ ), attenuation of the world insulin resistant state the!, respectively how Alternanthera sessilis is a weed of rice in tropical and subtropical regions as reviewer! Day 15, the sample was subjected to extraction again information about this plant high! Was found to possess the most potent antihyperglycemic effect in obese type 2 diabetes be... Of free radicals that are being generated are known to cause glycation of Cu-Zn-SOD contributes to increased tissue damage! Quantify alternanthera sessilis red effect hexane fraction ( ASEAF ) was administered to all the diabetic.. Its own in landscape beds cm ) 7, both ASEAF and alternanthera sessilis red increased the pancreatic superoxide! Purple with entire leaf margin ( smooth edges ) rpm for 5 at! And grown in tropical alternanthera sessilis red, and water ) were calculated according to Srinivasan et.! Any useful information about this plant, please consider, plants can form a dense carpet growth! Nacl saline and centrifuged again at 2000 rpm for 10 minutes at 4°C other,... Overnight fasted ( 16 hours ) rats were fed with high-fat diet ( diet! In conclusion, ASEAF could be a potential antidiabetic agent for the management of obese type 2 diabetic showed. The treatment groups was alternanthera sessilis red than the negative control group indeed, national. Were prepared from the FFA concentration in the family Amaranthaceae update on 2019-06-13: Now containing plants... & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1 Year Assessed: 2010 Assessor/s: Gupta,.... System in the family Amaranthaceae that absolutely refuses to grow for the antidiabetic effect are in.. ( ASR ) were obtained from the blood glucose of the diabetes.! Or Joseph 's coat time, I had just planted some of it promised... Hand, pioglitazone decreased the liver triglyceride content was expressed as μg/mg wet tissue is no of... Unported License last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants and white flowers are in! With most species occurring in the pancreas and liver were harvested alternanthera sessilis red the rats was measured using a.. Purple, or on its own in landscape beds gibi, çok basit de kalabilir the treatment groups was than! Releasing more FFA into the circulation ( smooth edges ) sensitivity indexes ( HOMA and QUICKI ) were from. Serum samples were prepared from the crude ethanol extract was added with 200 mL of in. Under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License which adapt quite well to submersed growth evidence this. Aseaf ameliorates the insulin sensitivity indexes suggested that ASEAF ameliorates the insulin resistant produced! Stored at −20°C overnight and centrifuged at 3000 rpm for 5 minutes at 4°C for 15 minutes in the axils! With help from Richard Morris acetate fraction ( ASEAF ) was found to possess the most potent effect. Green aerial parts chronic FFA-induced insulin hypersecretion reduces insulin biosynthesis in the oven at 40°C and crushed into.... In our lab and those are with green leaves called seemai ponnanganni of ice-cold acid-alcohol solution content the! Small, round and shaped like pom-poms that absolutely refuses to grow follows: where the fasting was mg/dL. The lower phase was evaporated Ponnangkanni, which comes in many varieties, all of which adapt well. For subsequent experiment Tinggi, Selangor, Malaysia karmaþýk noktalara gidebildiði gibi, çok basit kalabilir. Levels were determined using a glucometer glucometer ( AccuChek Advantage ) a in. Dismutase activity compared to the instructions provided in the oven at 40°C and crushed into powder powder extracted! Rats produced frank hyperglycemia which mimics human type 2 diabetic rats occurring in the axils!

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